GOES-P

GOES-P Meteorological Satellite
GOES-P Meteorological Satellite
Image credit: NASA/Honeywell Tech Solutions, C. Meaney

GOES-P, the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite is now scheduled for launch on 3 March 2010 at 4:28 PM Phoenix time (6:28 PM EST) Aboard a Delta IV Rocket. NASA-TV will provide launch coverage beginning at 2:00 PM Phoenix time.

The GOES family of satellites provide the familiar satellite images used by local TV news stations for their weather reports. The GOES Imager consists of a five (5) channel radiometer, which records one visible and four infrared bands simultaneously. This provides weather monitoring of rainfall and snowfall, as well as snowfall accumulation. The GOES program provides weather warnings for flash-floods, hail storms, tornadoes and hurricanes. It also will detect ocean and land temperatures, monitor space weather, relay communications and provide search-and-rescue support.

The environmental information gathered by GEOS is used for climate studies and climate prediction models, as well as the detection of ice, snow and glaciers. Land temperatures, crop conditions and forests can be monitored.

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The GOES-P Imagers have improved resolution in the 13 micrometer channel from 8 km to 4 km. The finer spatial resolution allows an improved cloud-top product, height of atmospheric motion vectors and volcanic ash detection (for example, images of the Galeras volcano eruption in Columbia).

Image navigation and registration, power and fuel lifetime capability, monitoring of space weather and solar x-ray imaging, as well as search and rescue and communication services have all improved with the GOES-13 satellites compared to the previous generation.

GOES-P is built by Boeing for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The Goddard Space Flight Center, in Greenbelt Maryland, is responsible for technical guidance and project management. NOAA’s Office of Satellite Operations (OSO), has the responsibility for the GOES program.

The Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies at the Space Science & Engineering CenterUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison — is responsible for four major programs connected with GEOS. More information is available at their blog.

GOES-P Imager
GOES-P Imager
Image credit: NOAA