European Southern Observatory Top 100

Flame Nebula
The Flame Nebula in Orion
Image Credit: ESO / J. Emerson / VISTA.
Acknowledgment: Cambridge Astronomical
Survey Unit

NGC 1232
The Spiral Galaxy NGC 1232
Image Credit: ESO

The European Southern Observatory (ESO) has released its Top 100 images of space and telescopes and its an impressive collection. Two of the images appear below.

Above left is the Flame Nebula (NGC 2024), a star forming region in the constellation of Orion. The image was taken by the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA) telescope, which is the world’s largest survey telescope in the near-infrared wavelengths, and is located at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in northern Chile.

The bright blue star on the right is one of the three stars on Orion’s Belt, the Reflection Nebula is at lower center right (NGC 2023) and the Horsehead Nebula is in the lower right hand corner (tilt your head to the right to see the “normal” viewpoint).

Above right is the spiral galaxy NGC 1232, in the constellation Eridanus (The River). The distance is about 100 million light-years from the Earth. The edge of the field shown corresponds to about 200,000 light-years, or about twice the size of the Milky Way galaxy.

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